According to the latest research, a majority (56 %) of Europeans believe that air quality has deteriorated in the last 10 years. In Italy, as many as 81 % hold this view, and in Cyprus, France, Greece, Hungary, Romania and Spain, 70-75 % of survey participants believe that this is the case. The research – a Eurobarometer called Attitudes of Europeans towards Air Quality – shows strong support for further action at EU level.
Almost four out of five participants (79 %) believe that the EU should propose additional measures to address air pollution. The survey specifically asked participants if they were aware of EU air quality standards and national emission ceilings, and out of those who know about these instruments (25 % in both cases), more than half (58 % and 51 %) were of the view that they should be strengthened. The findings will now feed into an on-going review on EU air policy by the Commission which is due for the second half of 2013.
The survey reveals widespread dissatisfaction with actions currently being taken to address air quality problems, with seven out of ten Europeans (72%) considering themselves unhappy with efforts by public authorities to improve air quality. The survey also shows a general sense that the level of information about air quality is insufficient; almost six out of ten (59%) Europeans do not feel adequately informed about air quality issues, with 31 % of participants in Spainand 27 % in Luxemburg, Cyprus and Latvia of the view that they are not informed at all.
When asked about the most effective way to tackle air pollution, 43 % suggest stricter emission controls on industry and energy production. Emissions from vehicles (96 %), industry (92 %) and international transport (86 %) are considered to have the biggest influence on air pollution.
Impacts of air pollution on health and nature are also a cause for concern. Almost 9 out of 10 Europeans believe that air quality-related diseases such as respiratory and cardiovascular diseases are a serious problem. Around 8 out of ten consider acidification and eutrophication as serious problems.
Electric cars and hybrid electric/gasoline cars are considered the most beneficial to air quality, and electricity the most environmentally friendly household heating system, followed by wood biomass, gas, and pellets biomass. Seven out of ten believe that renewable energy should be prioritised as the main energy option in future. Some 85 % of Europeans agree with the so-called “polluter pays” principle, whereby those who pollute should also pay for the costs for negative impacts for health and the environment. When asked what could be done at a personal level to improve air quality, most participants (63 %) identified reducing their car use and replacing old energy-using equipment with more efficient models (54 %) as the most important individual actions to take.